ʻĀ – Red-footed Booby

Stated-recognized Indigenous
NatureServe Heritage Rank G5 – Secure
North American Waterbird
Conservation Plan
Not at risk
The Kiamanu Project

ʻĀ are revered through profound kinship in meaningful practices of traditional Hawaiian lifestyles. Many of those understandings are being re-awakened through the community, the Office of Hawaiian Affairs, and the Kiamanu Project.


1. nvi. Fiery, burning; fire; to burn, blaze. Fig., to glitter or sparkle, as a gem; to burn, as with jealousy or anger. ʻĀ akaaka, to shine brightly, as stars. ʻĀ ke kaimana, the diamond sparkles. hoʻā To set on fire, burn, ignite; to light, as a lamp. Fig., to incite, arouse. Ua hoʻā ʻia kona inaina, his anger was aroused. Hoʻā imu, to light an oven; one who lights an oven. (PPN kakaha, PNP kaa.)

2. nvi. Aa lava, or lava rock, as distinguished from smooth unbroken pāhoehoe lava (formerly preceded by ke); to flow, as aa lava.

3. Same as ʻaʻa 1, to dare. ʻAʻole ʻoia i ʻā e noho, he did not dare to stay.

4. n. Red-footed booby bird (Sula sula rubripes), brown booby (Sula leucogaster plotus), masked or blue-faced booby (Sula dactylatra personata); all indigenous and also breeding elsewhere. Also ʻaʻa. Legendary birds believed to have taken the shape of this bird are ʻā ʻaia, ʻā-ʻai-ʻanuhe-a-Kāne and ʻā-ʻaia-nui-nū-keu; ʻā by some were considered ʻaumākua. See also Kep. 33.