In conjunction with the eradication project, the native plant restoration project promotes the recovery of native plant communities that support seabird nesting. Itʻs not enough to pull weeds and leave an area open for non-natives to aggressively colonise an area, one must also fastidiously out plant natives in these areas to gain a foothold prior to the onset of non-natives recruiting in these places.

There are a few ways the Kure Field Stations seeks to accomplish this goal:

  • Propagate native plant species in Kure’s shade house for out planting
  • Broadcast native seeds collected from Kure’s plant populations
  • Introduce native plants that are rare or previously extirpated on Kure.

Not all native plants are highlighted in our Nursery Plants section. The complete list of Native Plants that are present on Kure can be found on the Native Plants Page.

Native Plants in the Kure Nursery

Poa annua

Bluegrass Poa annua is a seasonal plant usually first occurring in October or November and persisting into the spring.  It tends to mature somewhat more slowly than other non-native grasses but more quickly, and at smaller sizes, then Polypogon. In its earliest stages Poa annua develops long narrow ascending blades

Dwarf Eragrostis (Eragrostis paupera)

Dwarf Eragrostis Eragrostis paupera General Information Eragrostis paupera, a native grass, is truly a dwarf. It can produce seed as little more than a sprout. Large plants are seldom more than a few inches tall or wide. Young sprouts of E. paupera are characterized by opposite curled leaves, with early

Nohu (Tribulus cistoides)

Nohu Tribulus cistoidies Puncture Vine General Information Tribulus cistoidies is a native plant to Kure, called nohu, and is abundant in open areas. Its leaf pattern and yellow flowers are unmistakable. The cotyledons (sprouting leafs) are large and blunt-ended, giving them an almost rectangular shape with an obvious central nerve.

ʻAlena (Boerhavia repens)

ʻAlena Boerhavia repens General Information Boerhavia repens is a native plant called ʻalena.  It is a creeping vine easy to distinguish from other plants on Kure. One of the few instances ʻalena is mistaken for another plant is when it is confused with Flaveria trinervia.  The branching nerve pattern on Boerhavia readily

‘Anunu (Sicyos maximowiczii)

‘Anunu Sicyos maximowiczii General Information ʻAnunu is an annual vine in the Gourd Family (Cucurbitaceae) which includes cucumbers, watermelons, and pumpkins. The leaves are large, roughly elliptic, and the stem is stout. No other plant on Kure produces cotyledons at nearly this size.  The first true leaf is sometimes almost

ʻAkulikuli (Sesuvium portulacastrum, Sea Purslane)

ʻĀkulikuli Sesuvium portulacastrum Sea purslane General Information Sesuvium is an introduced native plant, called ʻakulikuli, with fleshy, succulent leaves, red stems, and purple flowers. The succulent leaves of Sesuvium are relatively distinctive, only resembling Portulaca oleracea on Kure. Sesuvium leaves are much longer and more slender than Portulaca, and the

Naupaka (Scaevola taccada)

Naupaka Beach Naupaka Scaevola taccada General Information Naupaka is a ubiquitous native shrub along Hawai’i coastlines that in the Northwestern Hawaii Islands will form dense stands in places. In other places, there are less dense or pockets of naupaka with small clearings. It has large, rubbery bright green leaves and

ʻEnaʻena (Pseudognaphalium sandwicensium var. sandwicensium)

ʻEnaʻena Pseudognaphalium sandwicensium var. sandwicensium General Information Young P. Sandwicensium plants, called ʻenaʻena, are hairy, oval leaves slightly wider at the tip, with a silvery green appearance. As the leaves grow out they become long and slender with a broadly rounded tip. The leaves curl downward along the central axis

Lepterus repens (Lepturus)

Lepturus repens General Information Lepturus is native sedge to Kure. Lepturus cotyledons are long and relatively broad compared to the first true leaves, with a consistent width over most of the length of the blade, then tapering abruptly to a point.  The blades have fine but distinct striations. Kure Background

Pohuehue (Ipomoea pes-caprae)

Pōhuehue Ipomoea pes-caprae Beach Morning Glory General Info Ipomoea pes-caprae, called pōhuehue, is a cosmopolitan species found in sandy coastal areas throughout the Hawaiian archipelago. It is a strong vine, the smooth, broad leaves notched at the top; the flowers pink, bell-shaped; a white-flowered form is rare in Hawaiʻi; the

Koali ‘awa (Ipomoea indica)

Koaliʻawa Ipomea indica Ocean Blue Morning Glory General Information Ipomoea indica, called koaliʻawa, is the more common of the two morning-glory species native to Kure Atoll. It is a vigorous, tender perennial vine native to tropical habitats throughout the world. On Kure, it is common in the central plain and makes

Mauʻu ‘aki ‘aki (Fimbristylis cymosa)

Mau‘u ‘Aki‘aki Fimbristylis stylis Button sedge General Information Fimbristylis is a native sedge that grows in dense clusters of stiff, curved blades. Fimbristylis seedlings are very small and difficult to find at the cotyledon stage. Early leaves are both curled and curved, like later leaves, with additional leaves growing out

Kawelu (Eragrostis variabilis)

Kāwelu Eragrostis variabilis Bunchgrass   General Information Kāwelu is one of the top restoration plants in the Kure nursery and one of the few native kinds of grass being restored on Kure.  It has been a great infiltrator to areas where non-native grasses once existed. Kāwelu holu o Lanihuli Swaying