In conjunction to the eradication project, the native plant restoration project promotes recovery of native plant communities that support seabird nesting. Itʻs not enough to pull weeds and leave an area open for non-natives to aggressively colonise an area, one must also fastidiously out plant natives in these areas to gain a foothold prior to the onset of non-natives recruiting in these places.
There are a few ways the Kure Field Stations seeks to accomplish this goal:
- Propagate native plant species in Kure’s shade house for out planting
- Broadcast native seeds collected from Kure’s plant populations
- Introduce native plants that are rare or previously extirpated on Kure.
Native Plants in the Kure Nursery
Not all native plants are highlighted in our Nursery Plants section because there is an established and thriving population present. The complete list of Native Plants that are present on Kure can be found in our Field ID Books on our Resources Page as well as our Plants and Habitat Page.
Eragrostis variabilis, a native grass, forms in dense bunches and is the largest grass found on Kure. It is characterized by long, stiff, flat blades lacking a central keel.
It is a plant that is propagated within the shade house to
Eragrostis paupera, a native grass, is truly a dwarf. It can produce seed as little more than a sprout. Large plants are seldom more than a few inches tall or wide. It can be found abundantly on the runway but
Fimbristylis is a native sedge growing in dense clusters of stiff curved blades. It is common on the runway and has been out planted in other open areas.
Fimbristylis seedlings are very small and it is difficult to find them at
Ipomoea pes-caprae, native to Kure, takes its specific epithet from the shape of the leaf, cloven like the shape of a goat’s hoof (pes is Latin for foot, caper Latin for goat). It has varying shades of purple flowers. It
Lepturus is native to Kure. Its range was very restricted as recently as 2001, but out-planting and the 2011 tsunami helped distribute the seeds widely along the west coast where it is now abundant. It grows in bunches with long
This variety of Pseudognaphalium, endemic to Kure and Midway Atolls, was not recorded on Kure until the 1960s. In 2001 it was reported as “occasional” near the living quarters, but there are no recent records of this species. It was
Sesuvium is an introduced native plant with fleshy succulent leaves, red stems, and purple flowers. It is not common and is found mostly where outplanted in wet areas such as the seeps and the runway.
The succulent leaves of Sesuvium are
Sicyos, a native plant, has become rare in the NW Hawaiian Islands.
It is a vine in the same family as the cucumber and has large leaves distinct from any other plant on Kure. It is common in the area north
Boerhavia repens, a native plant called ʻAlena, is a creeping vine, generally easy to distinguish from other plants on Kure. At a young age the leaf shape and size are somewhat similar to Flaveria and can catch your eye while