In conjunction to the eradication project, the native plant restoration project promotes recovery of native plant communities that support seabird nesting. Itʻs not enough to pull weeds and leave an area open for non-natives to aggressively colonise an area, one must also fastidiously out plant natives in these areas to gain a foothold prior to the onset of non-natives recruiting in these places.
There are a few ways the Kure Field Stations seeks to accomplish this goal:
- Propagate native plant species in Kure’s shade house for out planting
- Broadcast native seeds collected from Kure’s plant populations
- Introduce native plants that are rare or previously extirpated on Kure.
Native Plants in the Kure Nursery
Not all native plants are highlighted in our Nursery Plants section because there is an established and thriving population present. The complete list of Native Plants that are present on Kure can be found in our Field ID Books on our Resources Page as well as our Plants and Habitat Page.
Kāwelu is one of the top restoration plants in the Kure nursery and one of the few native kinds of grass being restored on Kure. It has been a great infiltrator to areas where non-native grasses once
Fimbristylis is a native sedge that grows in dense clusters of stiff, curved blades. Fimbristylis seedlings are very small and difficult to find at the cotyledon stage. Early leaves are both curled and curved, like later
Ocean Blue Morning Glory
Ipomoea indica, called koaliʻawa, is the more common of the two morning-glory species native to Kure Atoll. It is a vigorous, tender perennial vine native to tropical habitats throughout the world. On Kure, it is common
Beach Morning Glory
Ipomoea pes-caprae, called pōhuehue, is a cosmopolitan species found in sandy coastal areas throughout the Hawaiian archipelago. It is a strong vine, the smooth, broad leaves notched at the top; the flowers pink, bell-shaped; a white-flowered
Lepturus is native sedge to Kure. Lepturus cotyledons are long and relatively broad compared to the first true leaves, with a consistent width over most of the length of the blade, then tapering abruptly to a point. The
Pseudognaphalium sandwicensium var. sandwicensium
Young P. Sandwicensium plants, called ʻenaʻena, are hairy, oval leaves slightly wider at the tip, with a silvery green appearance. As the leaves grow out they become long and slender with a broadly rounded tip. The
Naupaka is a ubiquitous native shrub along Hawai’i coastlines that in the Northwestern Hawaii Islands will form dense stands in places. In other places, there are less dense or pockets of naupaka with small clearings. It has
Sesuvium is an introduced native plant, called ʻakulikuli, with fleshy, succulent leaves, red stems, and purple flowers. The succulent leaves of Sesuvium are relatively distinctive, only resembling Portulaca oleracea on Kure. Sesuvium leaves are much longer and
ʻAnunu is an annual vine in the Gourd Family (Cucurbitaceae) which includes cucumbers, watermelons, and pumpkins. The leaves are large, roughly elliptic, and the stem is stout.
No other plant on Kure produces cotyledons at nearly this size. The
Boerhavia repens is a native plant called ʻalena. It is a creeping vine easy to distinguish from other plants on Kure. One of the few instances ʻalena is mistaken for another plant is when it is confused with Flaveria
Tribulus cistoidies is a native plant to Kure, called nohu, and is abundant in open areas. Its leaf pattern and yellow flowers are unmistakable. The cotyledons (sprouting leafs) are large and blunt-ended, giving them an almost rectangular
Eragrostis paupera, a native grass, is truly a dwarf. It can produce seed as little more than a sprout. Large plants are seldom more than a few inches tall or wide. Young sprouts of E. paupera are