The United States Coast Guard LORAN-C Station Kure was constructed in 1960 and used as a radio navigation station from 1961-1993. During that construction time (1960), the dunes on the Southern-half of Green Island were removed to build a 4000’ runway. The USCG used the beachfront on the Southwestern end of the runway as a Scrap Metal Dump site where they buried electrical components containing hazardous materials. It is assumed they were dumped between the 1960s and the late 1970s when the USCG program established a hazardous waste management program. The site was cleaned up in 2016.
Today, the Southwest end of the runway is called The Landfill. The Landfill is a main focal point for habitat restoration as a way to rebuild the dunes and encourage black-footed and Laysan albatross to move their nest sites away from the vulnerable beachfront onto the adjacent elevated runway where there is increased protection from storm surge and tsunamis
In 2016 an intensive restoration project began to break up the coral runway, adding fresh sand and planting native plants to create high-quality nesting habitat.[Stay tuned for more information on USCG Remediation Project directly addressing hazardous waste]